We Compare Shilajit Resin, Powder and Liquid – Do You Know the Difference?


If you are wondering which form of Shilajit is the best to take then you are not alone. Depending on who you ask, the answer is always going to be different, which is why we have created this complete guide on all forms of Shilajit. Educate yourself now on different forms of Shilajit, how they were influenced culturally and geographically, as well as the types you really want to avoid!

shilajit types - resin, liquid or powder?

Shilajit can be an incredibly confusing subject, especially when it comes down to understanding which form of Shilajit is best. In actuality, there are multiple answers to this question depending on your unique needs, where you source it from, which culture’s perspective you adopt and the methods that were used to process it from its raw form.

For the purpose of spreading accurate information on the topic, the differences between the best forms of Shilajit are discussed in detail below, from geographic origins to the form it comes in.

By Geographical Origin

Shilajit is typically found inside the cracks, crevices and caves of mountainous regions at high altitudes.

There are differences in trace mineral composition, purification methods, the way the substance formed and how it was classified, depending on where you source it from. In spite of these differences, all of these types have very similar properties in terms of delivering nutrients into your cells and bolstering your overall health and wellness.

The best quality Shilajit originates from the Altai and Himalayan ranges; both of which stand tall at impressive altitudes and are steeped in a rich cultural history that venerates this powerful supplement.

Altai Shilajit, Mumiyo

Altai Shilajit

Altai Shilajit is locally called mumiyo, mumijo, mumie, myemu, momio or mummy, which means “to save or preserve the body”.

It comes from the Altai Mountains, which span all the way from the West Siberian Plain to the Gobi Desert below Mongolia. The “Altai” Mountains translates to “Golden” Mountains in many of the languages spoken around the area. These mountains mostly border Siberia (Russia) and Mongolia, but also intersect with Kazakhstan and China.1

Some of the best Altai Shilajit is collected in Siberia where large portions of the mountain range on this side have been untouched by man. Mumiyo is usually collected at altitudes of between 10000 and 14000 ft. The highest point on the Altai lies at Belukha being 14783 ft.

When water flows through the mountains during the Summer months, mineral exudate from rocks dissolves into the water alongside many other organic substances and minerals. These enriched waters then seep into crevices or through the cracks of rock beds into mountainous caves. Eventually this evaporates, leaving behind raw Mumiyo in the form of crusts or deposits.
The composition of the mineral components of mumiyo spectral Analysis S. M. Katchenkova12:

Elements  %North OssetiaZeravsanskin Range
Kurtat Gorge BuronKislat sample 506same sample, evaporated filtrate 506Tangi-Kharsang gorge, sample 506,evaporated filtrate

The local people of the Altai from all over caught on and started to use Mumijo as part of traditional medical practice. This raw form would be taken directly from the mountains and purified using the mountain streams. It is dissolved, kept at a low temperature and left to sit to allow the bigger particles to rise to the top before being drained off. It is then sieved through multiple sieves to remove any finer particles.

The last process is drying, which is nowadays usually done using modern technology to evaporate moisture from the Mumiyo at a controlled temperature. Depending on how much you evaporate or concentrate it, the end result is either a liquid, resin or powder.

Back in the day, a kind of glass structure would be used to seal the Mumie from air and left to sit in the sun till it was dried to the desirable consistency. These days that is very rare and time consuming, but is still carried out in villages where they don’t have access to modern technologies.

Altai Shilajit or Mumiyo is slightly different than Himalayan Shilajit in terms of the altitude and mineral composition. It is considered a B grade Shilajit by some as it is collected at a slightly lower altitude. This may make it slightly less potent, requiring more for the same effects, however it is still regarded as one of the best Shilajit forms on the planet and in fact is far more commonly sold than Himalayan Shilajit. For the garden, pets, and those who require less this form of Shilajit is ideal.

Himalaya Shilajit

Himalayan Shilajit, also known as Silajeet, Shilajeet, Silaras, or Shilajatu, is collected from the world famous Himalayan Mountains. The way Himalayan Shilajit is collected is virtually identical to the Altai way, with the differences being the altitude and the cultural perspective.

The Himalayan Mountain range lies directly south of the Altai mountains, bordering the Tibetan Plateau (China), Bhutan, Nepal, Northern India and Pakistan. The Himalayas are home to some of the highest mountains on the planet such as Mount Everest, which stands up to ±29000 ft at it’s tallest point2. The Shilajit in the Himalayas is usually collected at between 16000 and 19000 ft.

Himalayan Shilajit has the strongest connection to Hindu mythology and the ancient Ayurvedic medical system. For more than 5000 years, this seemingly primordial substance has been venerated in various Indian, Vedic and Hindu texts, such as the Charaka Samhita and Sushrut Samhita; which formed the basis of Ayurveda and many Indian medical practices today. Shilajit was and still is one of the most important medicines in Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani Tibetan medicine.

King Candra Varma who is supposed to have ruled much of Northern India had to spend most of his youthful years in governing the vast empire, waging wars and protecting it from enemies. When he wanted to enjoy the pleasure of life he realized that he had lost most of his youthfulness and then he went on penance in the mountains of the Himalayas and prayed to Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva was pleased with his prayer and offered him a substance (Shilajit) originating from his body, which has restored King Candra Varma’s youthfulness.

excerpt from ‘A Critical Review of Silajit’ by C. Murali Krishna et al.

As in the Altai, Shilajit can be seen as a gummy exudate on the Himalayan mountains in the Summer months. The collection is much the same as there, except that Ayurvedic physicians would prepare the substance differently. It is also mixed with other medicines to enhance their efficacy.

There are many different methods for purifying Shilajit the Ayurvedic way3. The most common traditional methods involve the use of boiling the Shilajit, sometimes with other medicinal herbs such as Tripala or Moringa seeds4.

Boiling the Shilajit is not the best way to handle it as it cooks out a lot of the nutrients. Scientists looking at commercial Indian Shilajit preparations have confirmed this fact, stating that mostly calcium, potassium, magnesium and a few other minerals are all that remains left.

Nowadays, modern technology has largely replaced the old traditional methods and much of it is processed under carefully controlled conditions. There are a few good suppliers of Himalayan Shilajit who do not over heat it in the best attempt to maintain it’s legendary potency. If not boiled, this is the best form of Shilajit to get as it is collected from the highest altitudes.

What About the Type of Shilajit?

Himalayan Shilajit is further divided into four more types according to Ayurveda, which some people have mistakenly confused for a Shilajit grading system. When you see gold/red Shilajit or black Shilajit anywhere, they are not referring to the color of the substance, but rather to the ores that the Shilajit was collected from. This “speciation” strictly only applies to Himalayan Shilajit.

There are four different categories: black (iron), gold (red), silver (white) and copper (blue). Shilajit that comes from one of these different ores contains an incredibly small amount extra of that ore’s minerals. Gold and copper are supposed to be the rarest to find, with black being the most commonly available.

Ayurvedic doctors claim that different types of Shilajit help different areas of the body, however the research currently shows conflicting evidence over this debate5,6. Half will vouch that Gold and Copper7 are the best while the other half will say that black8 is. Either way, they all produce desirable health effects!

Ultimately, all pure Shilajit is mineral rich and good for your health.

The amounts imparted from these mountain ores seem too small to make much of a difference. If you feel they do make a difference, then the best way is to try out different kinds until you find one that works best for you, as the science remains unclear of which types work best for whom.

Other Regions with Shilajit

You might be surprised to know that you can obtain different varieties of Shilajit from nearly every part of the world that has very high mountains – even in Antarctica9!

There are also reports of types originating from Japan, South Africa/Lesotho, Europe, China, Australia10, Afghanistan, and various South American countries such as Chile11and Venezuela through the Andes Mountains.

Unfortunately, Antarctic mumiyo and the types from other regions of the world are not easily available to us and have only been used by traditional natives or studied by scientists.

To avoid counterfeits, it is best to choose Shilajit that is of either Altai or Himalayan origin as there is too little information on Shilajit from other areas of the world at this point.

Fake Shilajit “Types” That Still Confuse People Today

When it was first discovered, many people came up with different theories of what this amazing substance is and where it came from. Everything from fossilized honey to petroleum deposits were at one time believed to be the origin of Shilajit and some of these ideas still misinform society today, leading people to sell false Shilajit.

Here are two misconceptions in particular to be wary of:


Shilajit By Form

Shilajit as a finished end product can come either as a liquid, resin, powder, tablets or capsules depending on how much moisture was removed during processing. Let’s take a closer look at the pros and cons of each form as well as which one is best!

Shilajit Resin

Shilajit resin looks like a smooth, waxy paste that is typically black or very dark brown in color. In the palm of your hand, it should get sticky; while if it was kept in the fridge, it should become brittle and be able to snap. People enjoy dissolving this form into warm water or a warm beverage.

Shilajit Resin

shilajit resin is the most common shilajit type selling in USA and Europe

Shilajit resin benefits include being purer as it undergoes minimal processing and being easier to handle than say the powder form. It is more common to find Altai Shilajit resin than the Himalayan type, which is generally solid Shilajit marketed as a resin. Shilajit resin is slightly wetter and less concentrated than solid Shilajit.

  • Less refinement than powdered or solid form.
  • No buffers or fillers added in.
  • Highly bioavailable and easy to absorb.
  • Lasts a very long time if stored away from heat, oxygen and sunlight.
  • Has a strong flavor.
  • There’s a wait time while you dissolve it in warm water.

Liquid Shilajit

Liquid Shilajit resembles a darker, shinier version of hemp oil, having the consistency of a semi-thick fluid. If you store it correctly, a liquid Shilajit extract is easy to use and can be taken directly as is or added to your favorite drinks – hot or cold!

Liquid Shilajit

some people confuse liquid shilajit with shilajit resin however those forms are different because liquid shilajit is thinner and less processed

This is the freshest possible Shilajit that you can get, being packaged and sold directly after basic extraction and filtration. Only a little bit of gentile evaporation was used to get the concentration of this Shilajit extract to be around 50%. What this means is that most of the natural enzymes, minerals and vitalizing plant nutrients are still in tact compared to other forms.

  • As natural as possible with little refinement.
  • Contains the most plant nutrients, enzymes and trace minerals.
  • No buffers or fillers added in.
  • Highly bioavailable and easy to absorb by both the gut and brain (if taken as a sublingual or under the tongue).
  • Lasts a long time if stored away from heat, oxygen and sunlight.
  • No wait time – you can take it instantly.
  • Has a strong flavor.
  • Requires extra careful storage and refrigeration for best results.
  • Not as easy to travel with as other forms.
  • Is generally the most expensive.

Solid Shilajit

Solid Shilajit looks very similar to Shilajit resin, but it is actually thicker, more concentrated and has less of a sheen when hard. As with Shilajit resin, it should harden in the fridge and soften in the palm of your hand. It is commonly dissolved in warm water or beverages, but many people also enjoy letting a small amount dissolve under the tongue.

Solid Shilajit

ayurvedic solid shilajit. photo: pranav bhasin

This is the classic form of Shilajit as used in Ayurvedic tradition. It is slightly more processed than the resin form as it is dried out for longer or occasionally at undesirably high temperatures to get the end result. Nevertheless, this is a very stable form of Shilajit with some of the highest concentration of minerals, assuming it was not boiled up front.

  • Stable concentrate.
  • No buffers or fillers added in.
  • Highly bioavailable and easy to absorb.
  • Lasts a very long time if stored away from heat, oxygen and sunlight.
  • Easy to travel with and store.
  • Has a strong flavor.
  • There’s a wait time while it dissolves.

Shilajit Powder

Shilajit powder comes in many shades of brown, back or amber. This form of Shilajit has undergone another degree of refinement such as freeze drying to make it a powder. Some people prefer to use the powder form for dissolving in water or adding to their favorite cold drinks, like smoothies.

Shilajit Powder

high quality shilajit powder has dark brown color

In reality, it’s truly difficult to find a reliable source of Shilajit powder. 95% of all the powder available is either poorly made through being overly heated or it is actually a counterfeit product made by throwing together some humic substances, minerals and fulvic acid. This is another reason why Shilajit powder also tends to be a cheaper option, even though logically it should be more expensive as it takes more resources to produce.

In spite of this, a well made Shilajit powder is more concentrated than solid Shilajit and has other useful applications such as easily mixing it into yoghurt, smoothies, ointments, etc.

To test if your powder is authentic, take a small amount and leave it out, exposed to air. It should solidify within 1-3 days. Also, like all other forms of Shilajit, it should readily dissolve in water leaving no particles or sediment behind. Don’t take it if the color of the water is too black, white or bright orange – it should always be a brown color if you use small amounts to assess.

  • No buffers or fillers added in.
  • Good bioavailability.
  • Very little wait time when dissolving in water.
  • Lasts a very long time if stored away from heat, oxygen and sunlight.
  • Convenient to travel with.
  • Could be overheated during processing.
  • Has a strong flavor.
  • Easier to make a mess with.
  • Could be overheated during processing.

Shilajit Tablets / Drops

Shilajit tablets are essentially made from Shilajit powder where the powder is pressed into the form of a tablet. These should look black-brown in color and are easier for some people to swallow. The dosage is also pre-worked out with no measuring required.

Shilajit ‘drops’ are another type of tablet where solid Shilajit has been measured out and pressed into little pills ready for consumption. This is the best type of Shilajit tablet as it is a stable concentrate, just like solid Shilajit.

  • Has little to no flavor.
  • Can be taken immediately with no wait time.
  • Lasts a very long time if stored away from heat, oxygen and sunlight.
  • Makes no mess.
  • Convenient for travel.
  • May contain binders and fillers.
  • Takes a longer time to digest if it contains binders and fillers.
  • Could be overheated during processing.

Shilajit Capsules

Shilajit capsules generally use the powdered form inside a capsule that can be of any shape, size or color. This type of Shilajit is not the best, as it is once again difficult to find an authentic supplier that uses good grade powders without adding binders and filler agents. The capsule containing the powder itself detracts as well from the quality of the end product.

  • Has little to no flavor.
  • Can be taken immediately with no wait time.
  • Lasts a very long time if stored away from heat, oxygen and sunlight.
  • Lasts a long time if stored away from heat, oxygen and sunlight.
  • Makes no mess.
  • Easy to travel with.
  • Contains binders and fillers.
  • Takes a longer time to digest.
  • May have been overheated during processing.

Why Liquid Shilajit Wins

We believe Liquid Shilajit is the best form to get Shilajit in as it is the purest product with the least refinement. It’s also easier to handle with the least wait time and possesses the highest absorbability in both the gut and sublingually to the brain. Depending on your needs however, the other forms may be a better suited choice.


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Magnesium Malate – You Won’t Believe What This Tiny Thing Can Do!

It is an established fact that many of us do not get adequate nutrition from our diets. With magnesium deficiency becoming a common problem on the planet, natural magnesium malate is likely to have a revolutionary impact on your health and well-being!


In this article, we will cover what magnesium malate is, why magnesium is crucial for good health, which type is the best and why. Magnesium malate benefits, side effects, natural sources and dosage are also discussed.

What is Magnesium Malate?

Magnesium malate is a form of magnesium where magnesium is bound to malate – aka the salt of malic acid.

Malic acid is an organic acid found throughout nature that is produced by all living organisms, including us. Our cells produce malic acid in the form of malate for cellular respiration and the production of energy. Malate is used to transport vital nutrients in and out of the mitochondria, using what is known as the ‘malate shuttle.’ Inside the mitochondria, these nutrients in turn are broken down to form ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate), the energy molecule.

There are also two forms of malic acid, of which L-malic acid is the organic form found inside our bodies. Many plants, animals and bacteria make L-malate and L-malic acid. In nature, it contributes to the tart taste of unripe apples, rhubarb and some fermented foods.

malic acid in nature

D-malic acid is the synthetic form of malic acid, produced in a laboratory. This form is typically used as a sour tasting food additive and in some cases it is added to sour sweets to make them incredibly potent.

In synthetic mineral supplements, a composite of both malic acid forms is used to make malate. This composite is called DL-malic acid1or DL-malate. Refer to the magnesium malate supplement section below for specific details on which form of magnesium malate is best.

As both magnesium and malate are used to enhance energy production in our cells, the combination is largely favorable to our health. This particular form of magnesium also has one of the highest absorption rates recorded – alongside magnesium acetyl taurate – making it one of the best forms of bioavailable magnesium.

Why Magnesium Malate is Important for Health

Magnesium malate is one of the best consumable forms of magnesium, an essential trace mineral necessary for health.

Being the fourth most important essential nutrient for us, Magnesium plays an active role in more than 300 chemical reactions in the body!

All our tissues benefit from magnesium. This trace mineral is required for cells to operate properly. Most metabolic reactions and bodily processes take place due to the influence of this metal, including:

  • Accelerating the passage of intestinal fluids
  • Allowing cells to make proper use of nutrients
  • Bone development
  • Controlling blood sugar levels
  • Maintaining healthy blood pressure
  • Muscle, heart and nerve function
  • Protein and antioxidant synthesis
  • Regulating body temperature
  • The relaxation of smooth muscles

Most importantly, it is a major contributor to the process of creating energy, synthesizing DNA and keeping our immune system strong. In order to keep your body running smoothly, it is necessary to eat a magnesium-rich diet.

For the best outcomes, one should consume natural forms of magnesium that have a high bioavailability, such as magnesium L-malate.

Magnesium Malate Benefits: 18 Ways That Magnesium Will Improve Your Health

The following magnesium malate benefits also apply to magnesium in general – however, due to its higher bioavailability, greater benefit is likely to be gained from using magnesium malate over other forms of magnesium.

1. A Blissful Night’s Slumber

With a lack of Magnesium, the hormone Melatonin – which is responsible for the regulation of sleep – does not perform its function correctly; and as a result, you may not sleep well or may take longer to fall asleep. Using magnesium malate for sleep may especially help this process, as it has been shown in some research to reach the brain.3

2. Optimal Bone Integrity and Dental Health

Bone Integrity

Magnesium is necessary for the building of bone tissue and, also, improving the absorption of calcium. Conversely, if you absorb too much or too little calcium, both your magnesium levels and your bone health are prone to suffer. Many studies have outlined magnesium’s role in maintaining healthy bones4, some with quite promising results that suggest it may be beneficial in the prevention of osteoporosis.5

3. Strong, Well-Developed Muscles

Magnesium helps our body synthesize a special growth factor that affects the growth and development of muscle fibers. In sports research, it was revealed that magnesium helped to improve strength performance of athletes6, allowing them to bear an increased load of up to ±12lbs (5.5kg)!

4. Prevents Cramps

An insufficient amount of magnesium in your diet will lead to increased cramping, which magnesium malate can help to prevent. Taking an Epsom salt bath (which contains magnesium as well) may also provide relief.

5. Improves Energy Production

Both magnesium and malate are known to play an active role in producing energy in the mitochondria at a cellular level. Mitochondria are like a battery pack, providing our whole body with energy through each of our cells individually.

If we don’t consume enough magnesium in our diets, the mitochondria battle to produce energy7. Malate, on the other hand, may speed up energy production, as shown in the mitochondria of rats 9.

Since magnesium malate has such a high bioavailability, it will help both of these substances to quickly enter our cells and help to balance energy production.

6. Good Mood and Possibly Less Depression

Magnesium is involved in the synthesis of all our hormones, including Serotonin and Dopamine which are responsible for making us feel good. Without it, we would be incapable of feeling happy!

There is also a plausible link between magnesium deficiency and depression*, along with personality changes, apathy, mood swings and more10. In a case study conducted on 126 adults, magnesium supplementation helped to resolve mild to moderate depression with results after just 2 weeks11.

While magnesium deficiency is not the only cause for depression, a magnesium supplement is a quick way to rule out magnesium deficiency.

7. Helps with Stress

Magnesium plays a special role in keeping our nervous system stable, which enables us to withstand stress. Deficiency of magnesium in the body may induce heightened stress levels12, anxiety, and fatigue; all of which may negatively affect your working ability throughout the day.

When looking at the way magnesium interacts with our bodies, it appears to increase neurotransmitters that block stress, such as norepinephrine, and decrease ones that cause it, such as adrenaline and cortisol13. These stress chemicals are also implicated in chronic stress and anxiety.

Furthermore, plenty of research suggests that magnesium may well be effective for some in the treatment of anxiety, as it appears to help alleviate the symptoms of stress.

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8. Decreases Inflammation

Magnesium is required to maintain a stable calcium balance in the body. There is research to suggest that high levels of bodily calcium causes inflammation, where magnesium would bring balance back to this ratio15.

A deficiency in magnesium is associated with low-grade inflammation too and may be a risk factor for several inflammatory diseases like fibromyalgia and arthritis*.

You also need magnesium to produce bodily antioxidants like glutathione and absorb dietary nutrients like Vitamin C16. Both our bodily and dietary antioxidants help to lower inflammation in the body and keep our immune systems strong.

9. Boosts Skin Health and Vitality

Magnesium has been shown to directly benefit the health and appearance of skin in clinical trials testing Dead sea salts and Epsom salts, both of which are incredibly high in magnesium. Bathing in these magnesium salts proved to enhance skin hydration, skin barrier function and reduce dry, flay skin17 18.

Besides these benefits, this mineral is able to improve skin conditions in many other ways:

  • By improving the quality of sleep, which will definitely improve both your health and skin condition. Our body drains toxins during deep sleep and also uses the time to regenerate bodily tissues, such as the skin.
  • Magnesium may regulate the body’s cortisol levels, which would decrease the severity of acne in some cases, since cortisol appears to directly correlate with acne formation 19.
  • The production of antioxidants in the body accelerates when there is an increased amount of magnesium present, which wards off inflammation 20, skin damage and breakouts.

In order to reap the benefits of magnesium on the skin, you can use magnesium soap or take an epsom salt bath. These methods easily cover the skin with the beneficial mineral, sending it directly into the bloodstream.

10. Possibly Promotes Hair Growth

If you are deficient in magnesium, it can potentially help to restore the vitality to your hair as it is required by all your cells to function optimally.

When looking at postmenopausal women, a deficiency in magnesium and a few other trace minerals appear to contribute to hair loss21. Seeing as magnesium plays such an extensive role in cell division, growth, hormone production and inflammation reduction, it may be able to aid hair growth and protect against hair loss*. However, magnesium supplementation alone has never been shown to do either of these things.

Hair Growth

11. Improved Vascular and Heart Health

Magnesium is essential to both the functioning of all our blood vessels and the heart, including the electrical impulses that guide our heart beat. Without magnesium, we would not be able to regenerate our veins and arteries22. A deficiency in it may result in lesser heart function and vascular problems23.

Research has suggested that magnesium supplementation may provide protection against cardiovascular disease24, atherosclerosis, inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, platelet aggregation and vascular calcification25 26(stiffening of the arteries). It also may improve on the risk factors for heart disease and blood vessel problems, such as fat and glucose metabolism27, especially when magnesium supplementation is placed together with a health lifestyle and a balanced diet.

In multiple studies, adequate magnesium intake was associated with a 30% lower risk of gaining cardiovascular disease and a 22% lower risk of acquiring ischemic heart disease28.

Magnesium is not the only factor that plays a role in the progression of heart disease and vascular dysfunction, but for optimal health, we need to ensure we are getting in adequate amounts of it.

12. May Stabilize Blood Pressure

Blood Pressure

Magnesium relaxes the walls of blood vessels, which may possibly aid in the fight against hypertension*. In a few research trials, it helped to lower blood pressure when potassium, sodium and calcium levels were in balance. Those with hypertension have been associated with decreased levels of bodily magnesium 30 and research also suggests that it may increase the effectiveness of antihypertensive drugs31.

13. Clearing Out Toxins

Magnesium stimulates intestinal peristalsis as well as softens stools by accumulating water in our intestinal tract, which not only helps to prevent constipation but also naturally helps to get rid of toxins.

14. Enzyme Production and Function

Magnesium is required for the normal function of enzymes, which are necessary for numerous chemical reactions. Without Magnesium, our body would not be able to synthesize a single enzyme. Insufficient levels of magnesium will affect the production and function of enzymes, which will have far reaching effects on all the chemical processes inside our body, including metabolism and hormone production.

15. Eases Breathing and May Help with Asthma

Magnesium effectively relaxes the bronchial muscles and helps to regulate breathing. Magnesium deficiency is associated with those who have moderate to severe asthma33and prescribing a magnesium supplement in conjunction with treatment has helped to reduce inflammation and open the airways in both adults and children33.

16. Controlling Blood Sugar Levels and Possibly Preventing Diabetes

In healthy individuals, magnesium plays an extensive role in our metabolism of sugar. Magnesium deficiency is associated with diabetes, insulin resistance, erratic blood sugar levels and metabolic syndrome34.

When supplementation on this trace mineral was administered to those with diabetes and prediabetes35, the results suggest that it controls blood sugar levels, raises ‘good’ HDL cholesterol, improved factors of metabolism, and decreased insulin sensitivity36. There is also a known link between magnesium intake and a reduced incidence of diabetes type 237.

Furthermore, magnesium malate (if made from L-malic acid) contributes to breaking down sugars in the body by removing products that inhibit glycolysis or sugar break down38.

17. May Enhance Reproductive Health

Magnesium plays a key role in the female reproductive system. If a woman manages to maintain a good level of magnesium, she may be able to significantly reduce unwanted symptoms of PMS, including swelling, headaches, irritability, mood, and fatigue39.

Pregnant women are particularly vulnerable to magnesium deficiency. In order to ensure a successful gestation period, it is essential for the soon-to-be mother to have a healthy level of magnesium. This mineral is essential for the full growth and development of the fetus, protein synthesis, and tissue construction. Magnesium deficiency may also be associated with birth defects40.

18. May Prevent the Risk of Cancer

In a long-term study involving 66 806 men and women between the ages of 50 and 76, it was tested to see if magnesium supplementation made a difference on lowering the risk of pancreatic cancer41. After 6.8 years, it was reported that out of all 66 806 participants, only 151 developed pancreatic cancer. It was also recorded that for every 100mg of magnesium taken, the risk of developing pancreatic cancer decreased by 24%. These results also appeared to be independent of age, gender, body type or the use of other pharmaceuticals.

While this was only used to assess the risk of pancreatic cancer*, it suggests that magnesium supplementation may help to prevent the risk of developing cancer and opens the doors for new research in this field.

Subclinical Magnesium Deficiency is Becoming a Worldwide Epidemic

Clinical magnesium deficiency is rather rare in healthy individuals as our kidneys protect against drastic magnesium loss, however, subclinical magnesium deficiency is rampant. This means that magnesium levels are inadequate but not low enough to cause the most severe symptoms of magnesium deficiency. This is usually the result of not getting adequate amounts of nutrition in our diets.

Growing scientific evidence shows that consuming enough food alone is no guarantee of getting all the trace minerals we really need42. Many popular diets of today have failed to provide us with a complete range of essential elements. This makes sense when one understands that current farming practices treat the soil poorly, depleting it of many crucial components. The end result is food that contains far less of the vital nutrients that we need for optimal health.

Moreover, the absorption of magnesium has been hampered for many people due to modern food preferences and lifestyle trends.

In the last couple of decades, all these underlying factors have come together to form a series of world health problems43 largely induced by trace mineral inadequacy.

For instance, PhD, Dr James J DiNicolantonio highlights the role of Magnesium in the prevention of Cardiovascular disease, which is sweeping the world by storm, including even the most developed countries:

…the vast majority of people in modern societies are at risk for magnesium deficiency. Certain individuals will need to supplement with magnesium, especially if trying to obtain an optimal magnesium status to prevent chronic disease. Subclinical magnesium deficiency increases the risk of numerous types of cardiovascular disease, costs nations around the world an incalculable amount of healthcare costs and suffering, and should be considered a public health crisis.

The list goes on as current research has began to link magnesium insufficiency with many more chronic diseases, such as Alzheimer’s Disease, chronic fatigue syndrome, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, migraines and even ADD/ADHD*.

In light of this, people should be taking nutrition a lot more seriously, especially with regard to such vital trace minerals like magnesium.

The portrait of a person with magnesium deficiency

Testing for magnesium deficiency

Another point to note about magnesium is that it is often only tested for using blood tests. However, a mere 1% of all bodily magnesium levels are found in the blood at any given point and magnesium levels usually differ from tissue to tissue44. In other words, you would have to test muscle tissue, bone tissue, spinal fluid and more to get an accurate picture of whether somebody was magnesium deficient or not.

Challenges for Magnesium

Magnesium insufficiency can be caused by many scenarios. Here are the most common:

  • Alcohol abuse
  • Excessive sweating
  • Exposure to chemicals
  • Diarrhea
  • Hot climate
  • Metabolic diseases
  • Pharmaceutical medications
  • Physical exertion
  • Pregnancy
  • Stress
  • nbalanced diets
  • Vomiting

The effects of magnesium inadequacy do not need to be risked when the solution could be a simple supplement, change in diet or both.

The Food & Lifestyle enemies of magnesium

Your diet and lifestyle can affect your health dramatically. Here are some common factors preventing the body from absorbing magnesium:

  • Alcohol
  • Artificial flavorings
  • Fast food
  • Food additives and processing
  • Pharmaceutical medications
  • Stress
  • Sugary snacks
  • Too much coffee or caffeine
magnesium absorbing

Additionally, anything that produces free radicals in the body, such as stress and radiation45 (even from WiFi, televisions, cellphones and computers46 ) also contributes to subclinical mineral deficiency; as free radicals cause the body to use up it’s trace mineral stores faster in order to repair and protect against free radical damage.

In order to avoid unwanted consequences, it is important to take care of ourselves by making healthy lifestyle decisions. The first step is to eat a balanced diet, avoid processed foods and manage your stress levels. The second step is adopting a mineral supplement, like magnesium malate, to ensure you are getting an adequate amount of nutrients on a daily basis.

How To Make Up for the Missing Magnesium With Magnesium Malate

Since the food we eat has a reduced amount of trace minerals, it is a good idea to consider using a good magnesium supplement, of which magnesium malate is one of the best options. Let’s take a closer look at why.

Magnesium Malate Vs Other Magnesium Supplements

Going about consuming chunks of magnesium metal will not solve magnesium insufficiency, but will probably induce heavy metal toxicity. Trace metals are not found this way naturally in our food and we are not made to absorb them like that at all!

This is why all mineral supplements are generally available in a pink salt form to make them easier for our bodies to ingest. There are many different salts that are used to create mineral supplements, including:

  • Acetyl Taurate
  • Aspartate
  • Carbonate
  • Citrate
  • Glycinate
  • Malate
  • Orotate
  • Threonate

However, even though many of these same salts can be found inside our bodies in trace amounts, not all of them will help with the absorption of magnesium or other trace minerals in our bodies. In fact, there is some research that suggests that many of these salts (barring L-malate, citrate, acetyl taurate and threonate) have negative health effects, such as causing inflammation or even destroying nerve cells!

To give you an idea of where magnesium malate stands, we have compared it against two of the above magnesium supplements: citrate and glycinate.

Magnesium Malate vs Citrate

Even though citrate also forms a part of our body’s natural processes, magnesium malate has a far greater bioavailability than magnesium citrate47. Since less magnesium citrate gets absorbed by the body, more of it travels in the gut which will contribute to inducing a laxative effect. By comparison, you will absorb more of the magnesium from the malate version, meaning you will need less of it for the same benefit without the laxative effect.

Magnesium Malate vs Glycinate

Just like magnesium citrate, magnesium glycinate is not as bioavailable as magnesium malate. However, the portion of magnesium glycinate that is absorbed may not be such a good thing.

Glycinate is the salt form of Glycine, which activates our NMDA receptors48, much like aspartate or aspartame49.

NMDA receptors lie on our neurons and largely control our perception of pain, pain intensity and neuroplasticity (the ability of new neural connections to form). When NMDA receptors are over stimulated, it causes too much potassium to leave the neurons which ultimately results in the neuron bursting open and dying off. Some research shows that we also have NMDA receptors in our gut neurons and that over-stimulation of these may cause severe abdominal pain50, especially in those with colitis.

The Difference Between Synthetic & Natural Magnesium Malate

Any magnesium malate you can buy in a pharmacy is likely not to be the same as the magnesium malate found in nature. Synthetic magnesium malate is made using a composite of both D-malic acid (synthetic) and L-malic acid (natural) to form DL-malic acid, which then gets converted to DL-malate.

While all the research is highly appealing on the bioavailability of magnesium malate made from DL-malic acid, DL-malic acid and especially synthetic D-malic acid both come with some adverse side effects, such as skin irritation. Check the section below on magnesium malate side effects for more information.

On the other hand, L-malate appears to have quite a number of beneficial effects. For centuries, the Chinese and a few other cultures around the world have been making L-malic acid alongside other organic acids through fermentations, such as kombucha.

Some promising evidence backs up these ancient health claims about organic acids, showing that L-malic acid had successfully ameliorated heart injury induced by a heart attack*, as well as reducing inflammation in the same area51. In aged rats, L-malate was shown to improve energy production52.

So while magnesium malate is excellent for magnesium absorption, it’s even better to opt for a source of natural magnesium malate that uses L-malic acid for combined health benefits. One of the best known natural sources of magnesium malate is Shilajit!

Synthetic & Natural Magnesium

Shilajit: An Amazing Natural Magnesium Malate Supplement

Shilajit is an all-natural mineral-rich substance that is made over millions of years from decomposing plant matter subjected to high amounts of pressure inside the Earth. It is collected from very high altitudes in mountains such as the Himalayas.


What makes this supplement something to marvel over is the fact that it contains more than 80 trace minerals, all in a natural ionic form and in balanced ratios. One of these minerals includes magnesium, in the form of naturally occurring magnesium malate! Over and above this, it consists of many other healthful compounds unique to its composition, including Fulvic Acid, Carbon-60, Dibenzo Alpha Pyrones, Vitamins and plant antioxidants (polyphenols).

The medicinal use of Shilajit has been recorded for more than 3000 years in Ayurvedic texts, with science on recently beginning to catch up. This supplement boasts all the natural magnesium malate benefits, as well as being capable of balancing any other essential trace mineral deficiency you may have. From restoring your electrolytes to providing your cells with more energy, the list of Shilajit benefits is becoming more comprehensive with every passing year!

For these reasons, we believe that Shilajit is the best magnesium malate supplement available.

Natural Dietary Sources of Magnesium Malate

Aside from Shilajit, magnesium malate is rarely found in this joint form in nature. Instead, you can find malate, L-malic acid and magnesium as separate compounds in most plants.

Leafy Green Vegetables & Edible Algae

The leaves of a plant will contain an abundance of both malate and magnesium, as malate is necessary for respiration and magnesium forms the center of the Chlorophyll molecule. Thus, all green leafy vegetables and edible algae will contain both magnesium and malate. Examples include:

  • Spinach
  • Kale
  • Rhubarb
  • Beet and carrot greens
  • All herbs such as basil, rosemary, thyme, etc
  • Green tea and other tea leaves
  • Chlorella
  • Spirulina
  • Ecklonia Cava

L-malic acid can be found in sour tasting fruits as well as being a by-product in some algae.

Kombucha & Fermented Foods

Kombucha and other acetic fermentations, such as sauerkraut (pickled cabbage) – and any other pickled foods that use vinegar – will have trace amounts of magnesium and L-malic acid.

Kombucha especially, as it is made using caffeinated tea leaves, such as green or black tea and sugar. During the process, the caffeine and sugar are consumed by the probiotic bacteria, which produce many good acids, such as L-malic acid and leave behind some of the minerals present in the tea leaves, such as magnesium.

These probiotic foods also have the added bonus of improving your gut health which tends to aid with the absorption of nutrients. To gain a higher magnesium content from fermented foods and beverages, opt for organic varieties.

Sources of Magnesium

Magnesium Malate Dosage

The recommended dietary allowance for magnesium per day is between 400-420mg for men and 360-320mg for women, depending on your age.

Since we do get some magnesium in our diets, there is a set tolerable upper limit for magnesium supplements that maxes out at 350mg. You can usually take a magnesium supplement at any time of the day, regardless of whether you’ve eaten or not. Many people prefer to take it before going to sleep as it helps them to relax before bedtime.

If using Shilajit, one only needs 100-150mg to get a balanced amount of all essential trace minerals!

Who Shouldn’t Take Magnesium Malate?

Magnesium malate and magnesium supplements in general are contraindicated for anyone who has severe kidney problems, such as kidney failure. When the kidneys fail to excrete magnesium, this can lead to a dangerous buildup in the body and result in toxicity.

If you are taking potassium-sparing diuretics, your magnesium excretion will also be reduced, therefore it is not advised to take a supplement.

Leave at least a 2 hour gap between taking a magnesium supplement and the following drugs, or magnesium may interfere with their efficacy:

  • Antibiotics
  • Biphosphonates
  • Proton pump inhibitors

Magnesium Malate Side Effects

Even though magnesium malate has been established as safe for supplemental purposes, the synthetic form of malic acid has been shown to produce some side effects.

In both animal and human studies, it was revealed that DL-malic acid will cause both skin and eye irritation. In cosmetic preparations, it was shown to cause allergic skin reactions54 and in high enough doses, research revealed that it may destroy skin cells55.

In terms of synthetic magnesium malate, the magnesium portion would assist your body to some degree in producing antioxidants to help protect against any internal irritation it may produce.

However, it’s still better to be safe and opt for a natural source of magnesium malate, such as Shilajit. L-malate and L-malic acid have not been documented to exude the same side effects, with research suggesting that they may have favorable benefits, such as cardioprotection and boosting cellular energy.

Overdosing On Magnesium

Magnesium itself has a potent laxative effect and is able to soften up stools, especially in combination with Vitamin C and potassium. Too much magnesium can bring on diarrhea and stomach cramps.

However, out of all the forms of magnesium available, magnesium oxide produces the strongest laxative effect as only 4% of it is absorbed by the body with the rest being able to flush out your intestinal tract56. Other forms of magnesium known to do this are magnesium carbonate, chloride and gluconate. Magnesium malate has one of the least laxative effects because your body absorbs most of it.

Aside from this laxative effect, magnesium has no recorded adverse side effects unless you exceed the daily tolerable upper limit by more than 14 times! Overdosing to this extent (<5000mg) will prevent the kidneys from excreting magnesium and thus cause magnesium toxicity.

Symptoms of magnesium toxicity can result in:

  • Cardiac arrest
  • Depression
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Extremely low blood pressure
  • Hypotension
  • Inadequate bowel movements
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Lethargy
  • Muscle weakness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Urine retention

In Conclusion

Magnesium needs to be a staple part of the foods we consume together with a healthy balance of calcium. Since many people appear to be getting insufficient amounts of these essential trace minerals from their diets, the need for nutritional supplementation is on the rise.

Natural forms of magnesium malate are ideal for boosting your energy levels and promoting nutritional equilibrium in the body; however, synthetic magnesium malate may be less effective due to possible gut irritation.

This is the reason why we recommend balancing your diet naturally with the power of Shilajit and more green, magnesium-rich foods.

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12 Health Benefits of Carbon 60 & Superfood Rich in C60!

Carbon-60, also known as C60, buckminsterfullerene, fullerene-60 or buckyball, is likely to be the most amazing chemistry discovery of the late 20th century. 1

Buckminsterfullerene: The Magic Carbon Molecule That Precedes Life On Earth!

laboratory illustration

This carbon molecule is theorized to have a practical use in everything, including rocket fuel, electronics and in creating super strong materials! Yet, arguably the most profound applications have been in the field of health.

Carbon-60 is a very complicated subject and there is a lot of public confusion about it. In an attempt to clarify what is currently known about this magic molecule, we have compiled this article which highlights its health benefits, side effects, sources and all you need to know about using it to optimize your well-being and performance!

What Is Carbon 60?

Carbon-60 is a member of the carbon family, alongside diamond and graphite, that was only discovered recently in 1985.

Its official name, Buckminsterfullerene, was an ode to Buckminster Fuller, a mathematician who designed geodesic dome structures similar to this compound.

Essentially a carbon-60 molecule is comprised of 60 carbon atoms which are arranged in a unique shape that can be thought of as a ‘carbon cage’. This shape resembles that of a soccer ball, comprising of 20 hexagons and 12 pentagons. At the vertex of each shape is one carbon atom, with a double bond forming the edges. Another name for this unique structure is a truncated icosahedron.


This shape is what gives C60 all of it’s amazing properties, including being resistant to radiation, chemical corrosion and breakage under high pressure. Metals and other substances can be placed inside the vacuum interiors of buckyballs, turning them into novel nano-transport vehicles or superconductors. They are small enough to move through cell membranes and sit between woven strands of DNA. 2

Carbon-60 also readily reacts with other substances and is able to easily combine with just about any compound to enhance its action.

Furthermore, C60 was found in deep space and stardust, as well as ancient mineral deposits and meteorites found on Earth, suggesting that it predates life on the planet.


All these aspects of fullerene 60 have made it the center of much research worldwide; however even after more than 30 years, scientists are only just beginning to scratch the tip of this iceberg!

12 Health Benefits of Carbon 60

Most of the research carried out on C60 is based on rat models. However, there is an overwhelming amount of anecdotal evidence that supports these findings in humans too, given that the source of carbon-60 is pure or not combined with another dangerous compound.

#1 Increases Longevity

The Paris or Baati study is likely the most famous experiment performed using carbon-60. The findings reveal that this molecule is not only non-toxic but increases the lifespan of rats by 90%! 3

Part of this is possibly due to the fact that Carbon-60 has a high affinity for both cellular and mitochondrial membranes. 4 It helps protect both of these structures, which are integral to the lifespan of our cells and ultimately us.

man portrait

There are several studies proving that water-soluble C60 prevents mitochondrial dysfunction 5 , which promotes longevity, as well as optimal health and increased energy levels. One in particular showed that rats exposed to fatal levels of radiation managed to survive for 30 days after the event, thanks to good old buckyballs!

#2 Scavenges Free Radicals

Ever since the first experiments were conducted on buckyballs, it was concluded that this molecule acts as a free radical sponge, mopping up any that it encounters. It has been reported that this molecule has an antioxidant capacity several hundred times higher than other antioxidants! 6

What makes fullerene 60 even more amazing is its strong cage-like structure. The free radicals it takes out the body don’t affect its shape or function, allowing for it to continuously deal with free radicals until it leaves the system (which has been shown in the Baati study to be 97 hours from the bloodstream of rats).

Unlike other antioxidants, which can bind to free radicals molecule-for-molecule, carbon-60 can accumulate dozens of them before it can no longer do so. For example, it has been reported that C60 can hold up to 34 methyl radicals at one time!


This combined with it’s ability to by-pass cellular membranes, including the blood-brain-barrier 7 , as well as its affinity for DNA, mitochondria and cellular membranes, place C60 within a league of its own. Moreover, once the free radicals have bound to it, they are 100% neutralized and do not interact with C60 or anything else along the way.

Another research paper showed that a specific malonic acid form of C60 mimicked the action of SOD, removing superoxide, which is a harmful by-product produced by cells. This shows that scavenging free radicals is not Carbon-60’s only means of acting as an antioxidant, but that it is capable of neutralizing pollutants via chemical reduction reactions too. 8

#3 Reduces Inflammation & Symptoms of Arthritis

Seeing as Carbon-60 is such a potent free radical scavenger, it makes sense that it helps reduce inflammation, especially as seen in arthritis. In both human cell cultures and rats which had arthritis, water-soluble C60 suppressed inflammation in the joints and bones. 9


From a mitochondrial perspective, buckminsterfullerene helps to bring the mitochondria back into balance, which corrects the immune system and results in less bodily inflammation as a whole.

#4 Improves Immune Function

Aside from protecting mitochondria and cells from free radical damage, water-soluble C60 has been shown to stimulate the immune system in other ways.

These include stimulating the production of immune cells such as lymphocytes (white blood cells) and useful cytokines, such as TNF-alpha, both of which play a key role in fighting off infections and even tumor cells. 10

Thanks to the potent antioxidant ability of this miracle molecule, it may beneficially intervene with allergies and severe allergic reactions 11 (like anaphylaxis). Studies reveal that levels of histamine, IgE and other inflammatory compounds associated with allergy were greatly reduced when carbon-60 was added to the equation.

This makes fullerene 60 seem like a perfect support for those with asthma, respiratory problems, heart attacks, and cardiovascular disease. 12

#5 Prevents Apoptosis in Neurons & May Reverse Alzheimer’s Disease

Apoptosis is a fancy term for the death of cells, which is what buckyballs have been shown to protect against in nerve cells. 13

It is a fact that neurons die and get created everyday in a healthy individual. However, in the case of Alzheimer’s Disease and many other neurodegenerative disorders, too many neurons die which results in memory loss, cognitive decline and many other problems.


In one study, human neurons were cultured in vitro and then exposed to neuron-deadly excitotoxins. These cells were protected from apoptosis by buckminsterfullerene between 50-80%, with the 80% end of the range being for aspartame (NMDA).

This study also concluded that water-soluble C60 is not an excitotoxin and does not exhibit any toxicity to the brain or nervous system. It also makes carbon-60 look very promising as a treatment option for cognitive decline and neurodegenerative diseases.

There is more evidence to support this, revealing that C60 actively promotes the growth of new neurons. Several fullerene 60 derivatives were tested in vitro and proven to support neuronal growth. 14 Not only could it help lessen neurodegeneration, but it will likely also make you smarter!

Furthermore, in the case of Alzheimer’s Disease, it was shown that a specific C60 derivative destroys amyloid-beta plaques15 ; one of the primary root causes behind the condition, suggesting that C60 has promising potential as an anti-dementia supplement.

#6 Protects Cartilage & Improves Bone Health

In one of the studies quoted above, buckyballs prevented bone damage and bone resorption when injected into the ankles of arthritic rats.

Further data indicates that carbon-60 does not just help to improve bone mineral density, but that it also protects cartilage. In rabbits that had been induced with osteoarthritis in their knees, water-soluble C60 prevented cartilage cells from aging prematurely or dying off, as well as increasing cartilage production and reducing enzymes that would destroy it. 16


Fullerene 60 also proved to be superior to hyaluronic acid, which is the stuff that surrounds the cartilage in joints and is used as a common osteoarthritis treatment. Thus, Carbon-60 in it’s water-soluble form could potentially be one of the best options for those suffering with either osteoarthritis or osteoporosis.

#7 Helps Eradicate Bacteria & Viruses, Including HIV

That’s right – it was even shown that carbon-60 has the potential ability to inhibit HIV and possibly derail the onset of AIDS! 17

Research also highlights that this wonder molecule has the capacity to smother the spread of human cytomegalovirus, hepatitis C, Semliki Forest Virus and Vesicular Stomatitis Virus. 18

Specific types of fullerene 60 known as fullerenols were shown to inhibit the growth of Propionibacterium acnes, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Candida albicans, and Malassezia furfur, which are all commonly found to infect the skin. 19

Dangerous water suspensions of C60 – not the same as water-soluble C60 – have been documented to act as strong anti-bacterials 20 , but these compounds release free radicals and ought to be avoided. Other alkylated derivatives with short chains were also shown to destroy both bacteria and cancer cell lines 21 , but these are equally as toxic (see more below on side effects and types of synthetic Carbon-60).

#8 Prevents You From Getting Fatter

Don’t get too excited – there is no research as of yet that even hints towards buckyballs as a weight loss supplement. However, there have been several exciting studies revealing that these prehistoric compounds will prevent you from gaining more weight than you currently have right now.

With both human and mouse cell cultures, it was shown that both fat-soluble 22 and water-soluble 23 versions of carbon-60 prevented the cells from turning into fat cells.

#9 Inhibits Tumor Growth

This is a truly remarkable discovery. It was revealed that water-soluble fullerene-60 may prevent certain bone marrow stem cells and breast cancer cells from communicating. This communication tends to result in the cancer spreading rapidly (known as metastasis) 24 .

It was shown to do this by correcting MAPK-ERK signaling in the stem cells. The MAPK pathway is a way for the surface of the cell and the DNA in the nucleus to engage, effectively acting as an on-off switch for DNA activity, such as cell division or protein production. In the formation of cancer, this switch can become faulty, getting stuck in one position only.

Carbon-60 not only corrects the MAPK pathway, which may halt some types of tumors from forming; but it was also shown to correct another anti-tumor pathway known as the NF-kB pathway.

This is involved directly with the DNA of a cell, controlling processes such as transcription, inflammation and its lifespan. Correcting this pathway suggests that carbon-60 may cause cancer cells to self-destruct, but further research would need to be carried out to confirm this.

#10 UV Radiation Protection

In lab experiments on cultured skin cells, it was proven that C60 infused ointment protected the skin from the negative effects of UVA radiation 25 . These harmful effects included DNA damage, the breakdown of collagen and cell death.

The cream on it’s own barely did anything against the radiation, but with the addition of C60, the radiation-related side effects were significantly repressed! In the same study, it was noted that the buckyballs never went deeper than the outer layer of the skin, remaining where they needed to be to protect the outermost layers.

In separate research using the same carbon-60-doped cream, it was shown that this magic molecule also stopped free radicals from generating in the skin 26 as a result of either UVA or UVB radiation 27 .

The C60 could pass cellular membranes right near the DNA without causing any damage to the skin, while simultaneously protecting it! When a comparison was carried out, Buckyballs remain to be superior to other creams claiming to do the same thing.

#11 May Reverse Skin Disorders

Fullerene-60 has been extensively tested for use in skincare applications, especially when the news spread about it’s impressive anti-radiation benefits.

In rat models of dermatitis, it was shown that C60 reduced inflammation and promoted better skin barrier function, especially when administered topically (as opposed to being injected into the skin). 28


Impaired barrier function, as well as increased inflammation, are two of the main problems seen in dermatitis. When the barrier does not function properly, it allows pollutants and other toxins from the environment to infiltrate the skin, which causes a continuous cycle of inflammation. Carbon-60 appears to help put an end to this cycle.

For use in treating severe acne, it was shown that carbon-60 applied topically to skin decreased the number of skin lesions, pimples and oils found on the skin 29 . It also helped significantly increase the moisture content of the skin after 8 weeks, suggesting it could be used beneficially in anti-dermatitis moisturizers.

Interestingly, it was proven that lower concentrations of C60 permeated more deeply into the skin, while larger concentrations tended to hang out on the surface. 30

Larger concentrations were also more effective at promoting better skin barrier function, but just on the surface of the skin. This suggests that lower concentrations are better for reducing inflammation in deeper levels of the skin, as seen with basal carcinomas.

In the case of certain types of skin disorders which result in hair loss or alopecia, carbon-60 may once again come to the rescue! It was proven that carbon-60 promoted rapid hair growth in bald mice. 31

#12 Helps Prevent Male Infertility

Diabetes is a common cause for erectile dysfunction and male infertility. In diabetic male rats, fullerene C60 helped improve their fertility and genital function. 32

Increased levels of the antioxidant glutathione, testosterone, vitamin E, sperm and sperm motility were noted in these C60 treated rats (more than in the other diabetic rats or even the healthy rats!).

Furthermore, they had recovered completely from diabetes-induced testicular complications, such as swelling, free radical damage and cell death in the testis.

C60 Side Effects or Contraindications

Most of the tests carried out on carbon-60 indicate that its safety largely depends on the form you get it in and how you use it.

  • Possible Minor Eye Irritation of 100% C60 Solution

    In one study, pure carbon-60 induced very slight eye irritation, which caused the eyes of rabbits to turn red one hour after administration. Within 24 hours, the redness was gone. It did not damage the eyes of the rabbits or cause any other problems. C60 also did not burn or irritate the skin around the eyes. 33

  • The researchers explain that this is only the pure form of carbon-60 and that no other research has been carried out on C60 derivatives to assess eye or skin safety. Current data suggests that if you combined this molecule with something that is harmful, such as ammonia, one would likely receive all the negative effects of the ammonia – the same can be said in reverse of substance combinations that are beneficial!

  • A Colloidal C60 Suspension is Toxic

    If pure carbon-60 is taken and mixed into the water without proper diffusion, it forms a suspension, which creates a variety of new molecules such as Nano-C60. This is not the same as the C60 molecules which are proven to have the miraculous health benefits above. Those forms of fullerene have been properly dissolved in a solution using specific scientific techniques – these are known as soluble forms of C60.

  • Instead, Nano-C60 was proven to be toxic 34 , acting as a potent free radical itself and attacking cellular membranes. However, the same research shows that it does not penetrate to the DNA of the cells and if an antioxidant is added, such as Vitamin C, the damage is completely reversed.

  • Cationic vs Anionic C60

    It was found that all cationic or positively charged derivatives of carbon-60 are toxic, acting as free radicals, while anionic or negatively charged derivatives of C60 act as antioxidants. 35 This largely depends once again on how the carbon-60 was extracted and what it is combined with.

  • Never Expose C60 To Light

    When carbon-60 in solution is exposed to either light or high temperatures, it starts to oxidize, becoming highly unstable and toxic. This is especially true of buckyballs found in oil solutions or other mediums that start to degrade with light or heat. Hydrated water-soluble C60 does not share these properties however, being stable whether exposed to light or heat.

Sources of C60: Where or How Can I Get More Carbon 60?

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Carbon-60 is found prolifically throughout nature in minute quantities. Every time you set fire to something, such as matches or a candle, you are releasing many carbon molecules into the atmosphere, including buckyballs.

Aside from combustion, let’s take a look at other sources of C60:

Synthetically Derived Laboratory-Grade C60

So far there are commercially available preparations of buckminsterfullerene available as supplements or for chemists to use in multiple other applications.

To extract the actual C60, the most common method used is a modified version of the first time C60 was made in large amounts by Kratschmer and Huffman in 1989.


This involves two graphite rods suspended in a gas, such as helium, at a high pressure. When a high voltage is run through the rods and they are made to touch, the carbon in the rods vaporize, turning into clouds of soot – which is essentially a bunch of carbon clusters.

Once Carbon-60 has been extracted from this mixture, it is then either tested in its pure form or mixed into some kind of solution. Scientists have discovered that they can mix this fullerene into almost any medium.

Due to the complexity of this compound, one ought to be careful when selecting a synthetically-derived source of C60. There is a big difference between the properties of dissolved C60 and suspended C60 – one should always opt for dissolved C60 or soluble C60.

There are two main synthetic sources:

Oil C60

Since the Baati study, most manufacturers of oil-soluble Carbon-60 use the method he used to make it. The process involves stirring a 99.98% pure Carbon-60 in olive oil for two weeks in the dark, without exposure to light, heat or oxygen. Following this, the mixture is centrifuged before being filtered through an incredibly fine sieve to remove any suspended particles.

The leading manufacturer of C60 in the world is SES Research Inc. It is and American company based in Houston, TX.

If you are looking for Carbon 60 Olive Oil from trusted source then check their latest VitalC product.

Carbon-60 in this context binds to the fat particles in the oil, becoming a lipofullerene. The quality will depend on what oil was used as well as the conditions maintained to make it.

It was found that exposure to light is a huge problem in commercially available oil-soluble C60 36 , resulting in a plethora of toxic by-products.The oil used can also be a problem, as if the oil is not a good quality it could already be degraded due to overheating during manufacture or exposure to light. While many people already consume this type of oil, it would react with C60 and become far worse.


To ensure the best quality, it is best to source your carbon-60 directly from a lab or opt for a more natural source.

Hydrated C60

Until relatively recently, it was noted that carbon-60 cannot be dissolved in water without oxidizing and forming unstable by-products.

However, a bunch of geniuses at the Institute of Physiologically Active Compounds managed to find a way, calling their water-soluble C60: Hydrated C60 or C60 HyFn. 37 They found a very clever method for placing carbon-60 molecules inside multiple “shells” of structured or ordered water particles, which do not appear to react with C60 and are quite similar in shape.

This water-soluble version of C60 is by far more stable than any other version and its structure is not easily destroyed – not even by boiling the water!

As you may have noticed, the bulk of health research in this article has been carried out on this stable water-soluble version of buckminsterfullerene. This is the best form of commercially available C60 as of yet; but beware of imposters who are using highly reactive and dangerous solutions where C60 is merely suspended in water.

Soot or Charcoal

Soot and charcoal contain little to no Carbon-60, as well as a multitude of other carbon molecules, some of which are not the safest to consume.

When comparing carbon-60 vs activated charcoal, it is clear that pure C60 wins hands down. Medicinal activated charcoal can be good for detoxing your system, but it passes through without being absorbed and one stands the risk of ingesting unwanted versions of carbon (such as polyaromatic hydrocarbons, which are essentially the carcinogenic compounds in petroleum).

burned wood

This is certainly not the same as fullerene 60 which gets absorbed via the digestive tract and works its way through your body, mopping up free radicals as it goes along!

Blackstrap Molasses

When cane sugar ferments, it creates blackstrap molasses which eventually becomes rum if left for long enough.

Blackstrap molasses contains minute amounts of the magical molecule carbon-60 (not sure about the rum though!) as well as a few good trace minerals and nutrients. These include potassium, magnesium, manganese, iron, calcium, copper, selenium and B vitamins.

Molasses may be a great sugar substitute for those with diabetes, as it contains the above nutrients and only has a glycemic load of 55.

While this is a good way to add a little more C60 into your diet, it’s probably not enough to experience all the amazing health benefits spoken of above.


Shilajit is a mind-blowing all-natural complex of over 80 trace minerals, fulvic acid and humic substances. It is the end product of millions of years of decomposing plant matter and has been proven to hold a wealth of health benefits, which have been documented by Ayurvedic practitioners for more than 3000 years.

Aside from fulvic minerals, DBPs (dibenzo-alpha-pyrones) and DCPs (dibenzo-alpha-pyrone chromoproteins) are some of the main constituents of Shilajit46 that confer antioxidant support and energy boosting effects. They make up ±10-30% of Shilajit’s total composition,47 depending on where it is sourced and how it is processed.

DBPs act as electron reservoirs and when near mitochondria, they supply them with more electrons at a faster speed, which provides the cell with enormous amounts of energy. This in turn helps the cell to function more efficiently, live for longer and give a higher output – which translates as doing the same thing for us. DBPs have also been shown to preserve the body’s natural antioxidants, such as co-enzyme Q10. 39

Recent research has revealed that a part of the DBPs and DCPs in Shilajit are bound to carbon-60!48

While further research is still required, the nature of both molecules suggests that this combination may yield one of the most potent antioxidants known to mankind! Not to mention, when paired with the fulvic acid inside Shilajit, it will be able to easily penetrate cell walls and inner cell membranes.

Fulvic acid selectively takes out pollutants and administers trace minerals to where they need to go to replenish the cell; while DBPs and buckyballs work together synergistically to correct the mitochondria, protect the cell membranes and DNA, as well as mop up free radicals.

Pure Shilajit does not undergo any processing, aside from a minor purification process. It is an amazing natural compound which has every right to be exalted as it is in Ayurveda.

This is definitely the best carbon-60 supplement available, as long as you can source it from a supplier that does not heat it or expose it to chemicals.

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Shilajit is a natural superfood that has a variety of trace elements and amino acids including Carbon 60.

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Shungite & Marcial Waters

Shungite is a special mineral that consists of 80% carbon – and as you might guess, a fraction of that carbon consists of carbon-60, alongside other fullerene molecules. 40 The largest deposit in the world of this carbon-based mineral is found in Russia, near a town called Shunga – hence the name Shungite.

It’s theorized that Shungite is over 2 billion years old and that this deposit may have formed there due to a meteorite collision. Under high heat, pressure and with certain atmospheric gases, large amounts of carbon molecules such as C60 could have formed.

While one can’t go and eat Shungite by the mouthful to dose up on Carbon-60, one can visit this mineral deposit near the town Shunga. There is a hot spring there called ‘Marcial Waters’ where the spring waters flow right through some of the mineral deposits, theoretically enriching it with the healing potential of carbon-60 and more. 41

Bathing in the Shungite-rich hot springs in Russia, one may experience a few of the health benefits mentioned above. Yet, the effects are said not to last very long after the event. Furthermore, the amount of carbon-60 found in shungite is limited to a very small, trace amount.

Star Dust, Meteorites or Lightning Discharges

Carbon-60 has been found in the discharge caused from where lightning strikes the ground or a dead tree. It has also been collected from meteorite samples and is even found when star dust is analyzed. This all contributes to the idea that buckyballs far predate life on Earth and are possibly a primordial constituent of the universe and creation.

Frequently Asked Questions About Buckminsterfullerene

Is it safe to take while pregnant or before having a baby?

There is not any research relating to taking carbon-60 while pregnant, breast-feeding or just before conception, therefore it is best not to do so.

There have been two experiments on lactating and pregnant rats which reveal that C60 passes right through the placenta as well as into breast milk 42 43 . Unfortunately, these experiments had used forms of carbon-60 which were bound to either radioactive carbon-14 or toxic polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) 44 , both of which cause severe damage alone and even more damage when combined with C60.

Can I water my plants with hydrated C60?

Interestingly while humans and animals seem to benefit immensely from non-oxidized versions of this amazing molecule, plants suffer from it. In studies where plants were watered with hydrated C60, their roots showed retarded growth which corresponded with abnormal auxin (plant growth hormone) distribution in them. 45 More research will have to be conducted to see if other forms of Carbon-60 are suitable for plants.


Can I use it on my pets?

When it comes to pristine C60 that has been dissolved properly in oil or hydrated C60, there have been many positive experiments done on animals of all kinds. A lot of people also have reported that when they gave it to their dogs, their animal companions appeared to become younger and have more energy. Some dogs over the age of 9 even went back into heat and veterinarians of these dogs has said that it’s like they are 3-5 years old again. If you plan to give this to your pets, make sure you give them a much lesser dose that corresponds to their body weight.

Is Carbon-60 a carbon isotope?

Carbon-60 is a fullerene, which is a family of carbon allotropes or different forms of carbon. Isotopes are not the same as allotropes, as carbon isotopes contain the same amount of protons but differing amounts of neutrons in their atoms. Carbon-60 is a molecule that consists of 60 carbon atoms.

Is C60 radioactive?

What color should C60 look like in a solution?

In it’s base state, C60 crystals are black. However, when suspended properly in a solution using careful laboratory techniques, the end result should be transparent. If solvents were used in making the C60 solution, it will turn magenta, purple-pink or a slightly darker color due to the oil. Solvents can react with the C60, causing it to become toxic. Also be wary of black oil solutions, as this may also contain other impure forms of carbon. In hydrated C60, the color of the water remains the same.

What’s the difference between research-grade and industrial Carbon-60?

Research-grade C60 is manufactured in a lab, whereas industrial C60 is not. Industrial C60 is commonly what is sold commercially. Make sure to get research-grade C60 as the industrial version tends to be fraught with many harmful by-products – or better yet, get some Shilajit!

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Himalayan Pink Salt Side Effects, Myths & Mineral Alternatives

Himalayan pink salt has gained a lot of popularity as well as skepticism in the past few years due to the fact that it is unrefined and has more than 80 trace minerals. While some of these claims are true, a large percentage of them are false.

pink salt illustration

This article was written in an attempt to scientifically clarify Himalayan Pink Salt side effects, myths, benefits and more!

Himalayan Pink Salt Side Effects

When one gets down to it, all edible salts – no matter what the color – are largely comprised of sodium chloride and originated from the sea.

Salt mines are the result of seas that dried up millions of years ago, leaving behind a deposit of sodium chloride and other minute amounts of minerals. This does not exclude the Salt Range or Khewra Mines where Himalayan Pink Salt is mined, 5000ft below the Himalayan Mountains.

himalayan mountains

Pink Salt is made up of 97.41% sodium chloride, with 2.59% of it comprising of the 84 minerals that everyone is raving about 1.

The mineral content of each one is so small that they do not contribute to Himalayan pink salt side effects at all. For instance, 0.00389% or 38.9 parts per million of this salt is made of iron oxide, which is known to give the pink color.

In terms of “impurities,” the Pakistan government evaluates all of its salt scrupulously to ensure there are none. They harvest pink salt alongside 5 other types of salt with differing colors. Pink salt was shown to be the purest of all these salts2, only containing minute amount of beneficial minerals as “impurities.”

Therefore, Himalayan pink sea salt side effects apply to all salts in general, even ordinary table salt. We all need salt on a daily basis to be alive and well, but overdosing on salt can have severe consequences.

#1 Risk of Consuming Too Much Sodium

When one consumes an excessive amount of sodium, especially in the form of sodium chloride, it has many adverse side effects. The biggest concerns revolve around electrolyte imbalance, which are the ions present in our bodily fluids that keep us hydrated and ensure proper bodily functions like nerve impulses and our heart beat.

We should be consuming 1500-2300mg of sodium per day, 4 which translates to 3.8-5.8g salt (1 teaspoon maximum). 3

When we consume too much sodium, it causes our levels of potassium to decrease and vice versa. Many people are deficient in potassium due to consuming too much sodium, whether as Himalayan Pink Sea Salt, ordinary Sea Salt or iodized Table Salt. This can create dehydration, cramps, and high blood pressure.

Other side effects of excessive sodium consumption include: 5

#2 Risk of Consuming Too Much Chloride

Consuming too much salt also usually means consuming too much chloride, also known as hyperchloremia. The main risk associated with this condition is high bodily acidity7as well as dehydration and impaired kidney function8, all of which are problematic.

If our bodies are too acidic, the immune function and many other cellular processes do not operate as effectively. Bone mineral density9and metabolic issues are also par for the course. Other problems caused by frequently consuming too much chloride include insulin resistance and an increased risk of diabetes.

We should be consuming 2300-3600mg of chloride per day, resulting in the same amount of salt as mentioned under sodium intake above – 3.8-5.8g.


Without this chloride in our diets, we would suffer from being too alkaline, as some of the essential nutrients in fruits and vegetables end up turning into bicarbonates in the body. Both bicarbonates and chloride are essential to maintaining a perfect acid-base balance.

#3 Unreliable Source of Iodine

This only truly applies to Himalayan Pink Salt and other non-iodized salts. Most people get their iodine from dairy products, eggs, seafood and fortified table salt.

Iodine deficiency is known to be a problem in those who switch from non-iodized salt or who do not consume enough dietary iodine. This is important as iodine is required by the thyroid to make many hormones in the body and regulate bodily functions.

Himalayan pink salt has an unreliable iodine content of less than 100mcg (micrograms) per gram. This means that it could be 1mcg or 500mcg if you ate 5g of Himalayan salt per day, making it unreliable as an effective source of iodine.

In terms of ordinary salt, ±0.01% is iodized. This equates to about 500-600mcg of iodine per the adequate daily dose of salt. Many tests have been done on the differences between consuming inorganic and organic forms of iodine, and both have proven to be safe10 (unless in amounts over the tolerable daily limit of 1100mcg) and effective ways to get iodine with a high absorption rate11.

pink salt in the jar

If you wish to avoid eating normal iodized salt due to the additives (more on that below), then you need to make sure you eat sufficient iodine rich foods, especially seafood.

What About Himalayan Pink Salt Sole Side Effects?

‘Sole’ is a less common term used to describe brine or a mixture of salt and water. Some people firmly believe that it and other salt tummy flushes yield great health benefits, such as a stimulated metabolism and for use as a natural laxative.

Unfortunately, there is no data to back this up whatsoever and drinking this will just pile on your salt load, causing many awful problems later down the line. Perhaps it works as a natural laxative if heavily diluted and when using magnesium-based or potassium-based salts, as both magnesium and potassium have proven laxative effects12 (especially when taken with Vitamin C).

In terms of Himalayan Pink Salt Sole, you would experience the side effects of a sodium chloride imbalance and that is not a good idea. There are many better ways to boost your metabolism, such as drinking lemon water and eating a diet rich in leafy green vegetables and other forms of soluble fiber.

glass of water with lemon

Busted! Himalayan Pink Sea Salt Myths

There are two main myths circulating the internet about Himalayan pink salt side effects, one of which promotes it as a mineral supplement and the other of which crucifies it for having radioactive particles.

Both of these myths are false and here’s why:

#1 Himalayan Salt Can Be Used As A Mineral Supplement With Amazing Benefits

Firstly, Himalayan pink salt has a rich mineral variety, not a rich mineral content. 2.59% of it comprises up the 84 minerals that some are proclaiming will help heal chronic conditions. It is true that minerals help, especially in our mineral-deficient world today, but using pink salt won’t cure anyone of a deficiency.

Out of that 2.59% that is not sodium or chloride, the highest mineral contents in Himalayan pink salt are awarded to sulfur at 12.4mg/g, calcium at 4.05mg/g, and potassium at 3.5mg/g respectively. Consuming 5g of Himalayan pink salt per day would then amount to consuming 62mg of sulfur, 20.25mg of calcium and 17.5mg of potassium extra.

It’s good to consume more minerals in trace amounts where one can, but these amounts are not significant enough to make a large difference considering one needs to consume at least 1000mg calcium and 3500mg potassium per day (sulfur is consumed in the form of amino acids and thus no intake has been set for it13).

The rest of the minerals in Himalayan pink salt are denoted in parts per million (ppm), not going over 4ppm and generally sticking under 1ppm, such as Chromium. This is a mineral found in pink salt that is known for enhancing glucose metabolism, but not at the amounts you would consume from it, namely 0.05 ppm (0.25mcg/5g salt).

Food is a much better source of plant-based nutrients. For example, one cup (30g) of spinach contains ±167mg of potassium14.

spinach bowl

#2 The Radioactive Minerals In Himalayan Salts Are Dangerous

Some are concerned about the radioactive compounds found in Himalayan Salt such as Uranium, Radium and Plutonium and that they are a health hazard.

Firstly, the amounts are so small that they are negligible and are typically less than what we find naturally occurring in soil.

For example, Uranium found naturally in the Earth’s crust as well as in common dust blowing around the planet amounts to 0.0004%15. If you apply this percentage to parts per million, you land up with there being an average of 4 ppm of this in the earth as well as dust that we breathe, which is far more than the less than 0.001 ppm (less than 0.0000001%) found in pink Himalayan salt.

Either of these are not enough to cause problems in the amounts we consume them in, otherwise we would all already be diagnosed with some kind of radiation poisoning.

The same logic can be applied to the other minerals16 people are worried about in Pink Sea Salt. You would probably get more of them (along with an abundance of good immune-boosting minerals) from eating wholesome vegetables. 17

What Actually Makes Himalayan Salt Better Than Normal Salt?

There are in fact two things that make Himalayan Pink Salt superior to normal salt!

#1 Minimal Processing With No Toxic Additives

Himalayan pink sea salt is pristine because it hardly undergoes refinement. Before it is ready to be shipped off, it is rinsed clean, dried and stone ground.

plate with spices

Ordinary salt by comparison goes through multiple processes, such as:

  • Chemical removal of all toxins (if harvested from a polluted area) and minerals, aside from sodium chloride.
  • Bleaching to make it look white.
  • The addition of anti-caking, free-flowing or conditioning agents to make the salt pour better.
  • The addition of extra iodine.

Each time you consume salt, you are ingesting small portions of bleach, other chemicals and toxic additives.

The most common salt additives used are:

  • Ferrocyanide, which has a low toxicity18 but has been known to cause kidney irritation and damage. While it is added in small quantities to salt, the body reabsorbs 40% of it19, meaning that eating it everyday will cause it to accumulate in your system and can contribute to kidney impairment in the long run.
  • Aluminum Silicate, where the aluminum portion is mostly the problem. Aluminum accumulates in many tissues including the brain, heart, lungs, kidneys, nerves and muscles20and after a time, it contributes to dementia in neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer’s Disease. It also blocks the absorption of other nutrients in the gut21 which may contribute to nutritional deficiencies. It’s best to avoid it as much as possible.
  • Ammonium Citrate contains ammonia, which has recently been discovered to be toxic for those who have under-functioning livers22. This causes it to build up in the blood stream (instead of turning into urine), which can cause severe problems such as seizures and coma. It also interferes with the ability for nerve cells to absorb potassium, which could exacerbate problems in those with potassium deficiencies. Exposure to ammonium citrate is also known to cause breathing problems and skin or eye irritation 23.

#2 Better Flavor

When you understand how much artificial stuff is added to ordinary salt, it’s hardly surprising that many chefs swear by the flavor of Himalayan Pink Sea Salt and other natural salts, such as Celtic Sea Salt.

meal with eggs

Many people also prefer the flavor and some find it saltier than normal salt, which encourages one to use less of it too!

Himalayan Pink Salt Alternatives

Eating a healthy portion of Himalayan Pink Salt per day is not going to solve all your mineral deficiencies in a flash. Rather use pink salt because you like the taste and want to avoid toxic additives.

Here are some Himalayan Salt Alternatives that you can try to boost your mineral content:

Eating More Mineral-Rich Foods

Instead of relying on junk food and snacks, eat more mineral-rich foods in your diet24. Typically, the more variety you have in your diet, the better your nutrition will be. A colorful diet is generally a good indicator of optimal nutrition. Raw food tends to yield a higher mineral content than cooking food does and so eating more raw food is recommended.

Fruits and especially vegetables typically have some of the best mineral contents, including spinach, kale, broccoli, avocadoes, sprouted legumes, bananas, and blueberries. Nuts, fish and eggs are also good sources of nutrients.

Superfoods are foods that are exceptionally high in minerals, vitamins and antioxidants, which would also make valuable contributions to your diet. Maca root, acai berry and raw pure cacao are a few good ones.

cup with coffee

Healthy oils help to absorb nutrients such as olive oil, coconut oil and avocado oil. To promote the best possible outcomes, avoid processed food which tends to cause inflammation and metabolic problems.

Deep Sea Algae Extracts & Kelp Products

Deep Sea Algae and kelp are known to be rich in minerals and many healthful nutrients25 which act to promote growth, rejuvenation and heavy metal removal. Other benefits of consuming sea vegetables include massive reductions of inflammation, a vastly improved immune system and a good intake of iodine.

The mineral content is due to the fact that these sea organisms concentrate minerals from the sea. Especially mineral-rich varieties include ecklonia cava and chlorella, both of which are sold as natural supplements on the shelves. One of the best reasons to add more of these foods to your diet is their rich iodine content, which is required for optimal thyroid function.

Ionic Fulvic Mineral Supplements

Fulvic acid is an amazing compound that is created by bacteria in the soil. It binds to multiple trace minerals and converts them into an organic ionic form which plants (and us) can absorb easily26.

When we ingest fulvic acid in small amounts, it promotes better gut health and absorption of trace minerals. If bound to trace minerals, as found in ionic fulvic mineral supplements, it has a unique ability to by-pass into cellular membranes, delivering these nutrients precisely to the parts of our cells that need them. This is a truly efficient way to boost one’s nutrition!

Last, but not least, fulvic acid also removes toxins specifically from our cells27, which helps them to live longer, function better and generate more energy. This effect applies to our bodies as whole by default!


Shilajit is arguably the best form of an ionic fulvic mineral supplement. It is a black resin made from millions of years of decomposing plant matter which is harvested from high altitudes in the Himalayas and at various other sites around the world. It has an ancient 3000+ year record of healing many chronic ailments28.


Like Himalayan pink salt, it contains more than 84 trace minerals, however, the amounts in Shilajit are enough to make a difference to our lives. It can help to reverse mineral deficiencies, of which many people seem to have. Mineral deficiencies contribute to chronic lifestyle diseases by ultimately impairing the proper functioning of all cells in our bodies.

Shilajit also contains a great source of fulvic acid, meaning that the minerals in it reach all your cells and detox your cells simultaneously!

Furthermore, at the core of shilajit lies complexes of Dibenzo-Alpha-Pyrones (DBP) and carbon-6029, which work together to supply your mitochondria with a huge reservoir of electrons30. In other words, Shilajit gives you lots of energy!

These DBP-carbon-60 molecules are also very potent antioxidants, sometimes removing more than 30 free radicals at a time directly from DNA and protecting them from damage.

Mineral Water

Drinking enough water is also important for getting an adequate amount of minerals. Mineral water tends to have decent levels of calcium and magnesium, as well as a few other trace minerals too. Water also helps with digestion immensely, allowing for more nutrients to be absorbed.

Dead Sea Bath Salts

While bathing in himalayan salt is better than bathing in ordinary table salt purely from a non-refined point of view, it won’t have any extra added health benefits. Having a salt water bath is similar to taking a swim in the ocean, except that swimming in the ocean will have a higher concentration of both trace minerals and sadly pollution.

Dead Sea Bath Salts, on the other hand, are incredibly high in magnesium (±40%) and potassium (±25%), while only containing ±5% sodium chloride.

This means they will work better than a nourishing Epsom salt bath in terms of rebalancing the body, nourishing the skin and alleviating pain in the joints.

Balneotherapy Spa treatments using Dead Sea Bath Salts have been scientifically proven to reduce pain in inflammatory conditions such as inflamations, dermatitis31, fibromyalgia32 and chronic lower back pain conditions33.


This is due to the high magnesium content, which enhances skin barrier function, reduces inflammation and rehydrates the skin. Magnesium is also vital for many biological processes, such as mineral absorption and optimal cellular performance; and most people are deficient in it.

NOTE: Do not eat dead sea bath salts. Rather stick to bathing in them.

Not All Dead Sea Salts Are The Same

The majority of dead sea salt goes to Jordan or Israel and gets purified removing all these minerals from them to form 99% sodium chloride. It’s important to request a lab result from the company you wish to purchase dead sea bath salts from to ensure it is of a good quality 34

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